Prosthodontics

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a.       PRE-CLINICAL PROSTHETIC:

Partial &Complete dentures and general basis laboratory procedures are to be taught during the first two years of the B.D.S. course.

Introduction:

Impressions and models, Boxing Materials, model materials and their manipulation, casting impressions, trimming and finishing.

Construction of Base and Wax Rims:

Importance of occlusal relationship, different base plate materials and their manipulation.

Articulator:

Articulation of models on plane line articulators.

Setting up Procedures:    

Face forms, tooth forms and alignment of natural teeth setting & alignment  of artificial teeth.

Wax up and Flasking:

Types of wax up, effects of denture contours on facial aesthetics, flasks and flasking.

Elimination of Wax:

Denture Base Materials: on metallic-Acrylic resins, their properties and manipulation. Metallic Cold, Stainless steel, chrome cobalt alloys, comparison between metallic and nonmetallic denture base, their advantages and disadvantages.

Processing & Reflasking:

A survey of possible defect caused during packing and their methods of elimination. Remounting and rectification of occlusion and relationship. Finishing and Polishing.

Repairs:

Fractured dentures with and without replacement of teeth.

Re-basing & Relining:

Its indications and contra-indications.

b.       CLINICAL PROSTHETICS:

Complete Denture Prosthesis/Crown & Bridge Work:

Introduction and principles of retention of complete dentures. Summary of the anatomy of structures involved in the construction of complete dentures.

Examination:

  • General mouth conditions, mental analysis.
  • Impressions and models. Tempromandibular articulations.
  • Registration of the jaw relations.
  • Selection of the teeth. Principles of set up and trial in the patient’s mouth,
  • Insertion in the mouth. Analysis of the patient’s complaints and their eradication, repair.
  • Indications for re-lining and re-basing,
  • Introduction to implant denture and root retained complete denture,

c.       PARTIAL DENTURE PROSTHESIS:

Introduction, Examination, Impression, Study Models.
Diagnosis, Design for support, retentions, stability and strength,

Further details of the Course are:

Examination and diagnosis:

Reception of the patients in the dental chairs, position of the operator, filling of the dental chart and sterilization of the instruments. Brief medical history and detailed dental examination technique. Principles of conservative Dentistry: Rubber Dam and its application.

Cavity Preparation:

Black’s classification of cavities, steps ill cavity preparation, cavities for amalgam restoration, for plastic restoration, for inlays.

Control of saliva during cavity preparation. Elimination of pain. Types and application of different matrices. Selection of suitable restorative materials. Design of restoration.

Composition and manipulation of different filling materials such as gold foil, silver amalgam, silicate cement, composite materials, porcelain, dental cement, zinc-oxide and gutta percha, inlays, gold and other metals: Cavity preparation, manipulation of casting finishing and cementing of inlays.